Three-dimensional, photographic, painted, or sculptured forms of beings with souls


A: Figuration of living beings is unlawful whether it is in three-dimensional, photographic, manual, or sculptural form, due to the generality of the evidence on the prohibition of Taswir (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography). For example, the Prophet (peace be upon him) says: The people who will receive the severest punishment from Allah will be Al-Musawwirun 'painters, drawers, sculptors, and subsequently photographers'. (Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim) Similarly, Al-Bukhari narrated in his Sahih (authentic) book on the authority of Abu Juhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him) (Part No. 1; Page No. 668) that the Prophet (peace be upon him): cursed the devourer of usury (usurer) and its clerk, and Al-Musawwirun 'painters, drawers, sculptors, and subsequently photographers'. May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.


The History of the Quranic Text from Revelation to Compilation - A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments